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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1326\margr5294\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1326\margrsxn5294\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li14\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex85\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Early epigraphic notices}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi479\ri0\sb148\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The earliest historically important reference to \expndtw3 Kamarupa occurs in the Allahabad pillar inscription, \expndtw2 which describes it as a frontier state yielding allegiance \expndtw1 to Samudragupta. We next learn from the Aphsad ins\-cription that the Later Gupta monarch, Mahasenagupta, \expndtw2 carried his arms up to the banks of the river Lohitya or . \expndtw-1 Lauhitya (Brahmaputra) and defeated Susthitavarman,\super 2 \nosupersub\expndtw4 who has rightly been identified with his Kamarupa \expndtw8 namesake mentioned in the Nidhanpur plates.\super 3}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li18\fi0\ri0\sb187\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex78\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ~&haskamvarman}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li14\fi468\ri50\sb108\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The reign of Susthitavarman's son, Bhaskaravar-\expndtw0 man, has been rendered memorable by the visit of Yuan \expndtw8 Chwang to Kamarupa early in 643 A.D. The former \expndtw5 was in constant dread of his neighbour, Sasanka, king \expndtw-2 of Karnasuvarna, and so he (Bhaskaravarman) formed an \expndtw1 "unending alliance" with Harsa at the very start of his \expndtw2 career. Bhaskaravarman or Kumararaja, as his second \expndtw8 name was, attended both the assemblies of his great \expndtw7 ally at Kanauj and Prayaga. This fact and the honour \expndtw-1 he extended to the Buddhist Yuan Chwang indicate how \expndtw4 wide were the sympathies of Bhaskaravarman, who \expndtw0 himself perhaps belonged to the Brahman caste. Some \expndtw3 scholars, however, think that the pilgrim's testimony \expndtw0 merely signifies the Brahmanical religion of the Kama\-\expndtw2 rupa king. He is also said to have helped the Chinese \expndtw0 mission under Wang-hieun-tse, against whom O-la-na-\expndtw10 shun or Atjuna, the usurper of Harsa's throne, took \expndtw7 the field in 648 A.D. The Nidhanpur plates represent}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li400\fi0\ri0\sb238\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx518 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\expndtw4 This is to be taken with a certain amount of caution.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li400\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx518 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i C. I, \i0 I., \i Ill, \i0 pp. 203, 206, verses 13-14.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li25\fi374\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx518 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 3{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw7 Ep. Ind., \i0 XII, pp. 74, 77.   According to the Nidhanpur\line \expndtw-2 plates, the founder of the line was Pusyavarman \i (Ibid., \i0 pp. 73, 76).}\par }